Sir Thomas More Utopia
First published in Latin in 1516, Utopia was the work of Sir Thomas Moore (1477-1535), the brilliant humanist, scholar and churchman executed by Henry VIII for his refusal to accept the king as the supreme head of the Church of England.
In this work, which gave its name to the whole genre of books and movement hypothesizing an ideal society. More envisioned a patriarchal island kingdom that practiced religious tolerance, in which everybody worked, no one had more than his fellows, all goods were community-owned, and violence, bloodshed and vice were nonexistent. Based to some extent on the writing of Plato and other earlier authors, Utopia nevertheless contained much that was original with Moore.